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Universe

or: Space, spacetime, and beyond

What exactly is "the universe", or "space", the 3rd dimension? Or what is "spacetime", the 4th dimension — the idea of the universe from its beginning to its end?

In the objective reality metaparadigm, upon which science is based, cosmology attempts to answer the question of what ...

Cosmology (from the Greek κόσμος, kosmos "world" and -λογία, -logia "study of"), is the study of the origin, evolution, and eventual fate of the universe. Physical cosmology is the scholarly and scientific study of the origin, evolution, large-scale structures and dynamics, and ultimate fate of the universe, as well as the scientific laws that govern these realities. Religious cosmology (or mythological cosmology) is a body of beliefs based on the historical, mythological, religious, and esoteric literature and traditions of creation and eschatology.

Physical cosmology is studied by scientists, such as astronomers, and theoretical physicists; and academic philosophers, such as metaphysicians, philosophers of physics, and philosophers of space and time. Modern cosmology is dominated by the Big Bang theory, which attempts to bring together observational astronomy and particle physics.

Although the word cosmology is recent (first used in 1730 in Christian Wolff's Cosmologia Generalis), the study of the universe has a long history involving science, philosophy, esotericism and religion. Related studies include cosmogony, which focuses on the origin of the Universe, and cosmography, which maps the features of the Universe. Cosmology is also connected to astronomy, but while the former is concerned with the Universe as a whole, the latter deals with individual celestial objects.

Physics and astrophysics have played a central role in shaping the understanding of the universe through scientific observation and experiment. What is known as physical cosmology has been shaped through both mathematics and observation in an analysis of the whole universe. The universe is generally understood to have begun with the Big Bang, followed almost instantaneously by cosmic inflation; an expansion of space from which the universe is thought to have emerged 13.798 ± 0.037 billion years ago.

Metaphysical cosmology has also been described as the placing of man in the universe in relationship to all other entities. This is exemplified by the observation made by Marcus Aurelius of a man's place in that relationship: "He who does not know what the world is does not know where he is, and he who does not know for what purpose the world exists, does not know who he is, nor what the world is."

... while cosmogony attempts to answer the why or "from where":

Cosmogony (or cosmogeny) is any theory concerning the coming into existence (or origin) of either the cosmos (or universe), or the so-called reality of sentient beings. Developing a complete theoretical model has implications in both the philosophy of science and epistemology.

The word comes from the Koine Greek κοσμογονία (from κόσμος "cosmos, the world") and the root of γί(γ)νομαι / γέγονα ("come into a new state of being"). In astronomy, cosmogony refers to the study of the origin of particular astrophysical objects or systems, and is most commonly used in reference to the origin of the universe, the solar system, or the earth-moon system.

The Big Bang theory is the prevailing cosmological model of the early development of the universe. The most commonly held view is that the universe was once a gravitational singularity, which expanded extremely rapidly from its hot and dense state. However, while this expansion is well-modeled by the Big Bang theory, the origins of the singularity remains one of the unsolved problems in physics.

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Cosmogony can be distinguished from cosmology, which studies the universe at large and throughout its existence, and which technically does not inquire directly into the source of its origins. There is some ambiguity between the two terms. For example, the cosmological argument from theology regarding the existence of God is technically an appeal to cosmogonical rather than cosmological ideas. In practice, there is a scientific distinction between cosmological and cosmogonical ideas. Physical cosmology is the science that attempts to explain all observations relevant to the development and characteristics of the universe as a whole. Questions regarding why the universe behaves in such a way have been described by physicists and cosmologists as being extra-scientific (i.e., metaphysical), though speculations are made from a variety of perspectives that include extrapolation of scientific theories to untested regimes (i.e., at Planck scales), and philosophical or religious ideas.

Scientists have only tentative theories for the early stages of the currently observed universe (or its beginning, for those who conjecture that it had one). As of 2011, no accelerator experiments probe energies of sufficient magnitude to provide any experimental insight into the behavior of matter at the energy levels that prevailed during that period. Therefore, further technological and conceptual advances are needed to test aspects of these theories. Proposed scenarios differ radically, and include string theory and M-theory, the Hartle–Hawking initial state, string landscape, brane inflation, the Big Bang, and the ekpyrotic universe. Some of these models are mutually compatible, whereas others are not.

All of these ideas are theoretical scenarios within the epistemological framework of the objective reality metaparadigm, which is based upon some unexamined ontological assumptions that don't actually make as much sense as they once may have when they were first established by Newton and those who followed.

As physicist Tom Campbell elucidates, quantum mechanics and general relativity — the two scientific theories used to describe the very small and the very large (with Newtonian mechanics describing the middle ground) — each invalidate one of the two basic assumptions of an objective reality of the other. The scientists of the time (1920s) couldn't make the ontological re-evaluation necessary to allow these frameworks to be subsumed by the larger paradigm — the subjective reality metaparadigm — and thus have continued to this day operating within the wrong metaparadigm.

The scale of the universe

Largest structures in the universeThe universe as observed from our vantage point at one of the spiral arms of our galaxy. [full image]

The unfathomable scale of the universe has convinced most scientists that it must be next to impossible to fully understand. The scales of the objects and distances that we can observe can be expressed mathematically ...

  • 10-23 m: neutrinos
  • 10-18 m: electrons
  • 10-12 m: atoms
  • 10-8 m:   viruses
  • 10-5 m:   cells
  • 100  m:   Humans
  • 107  m:   Earth
  • 1012 m:  largest stars observed
  • 1016 m:  light-year
  • 1021 m:  Milky Way galaxy
  • 1027 m:  observable universe
  • (more scales here)

... but the idea that this can truly be visualized with numbers is absurd to all but the most exceptional of human minds. The following two videos (size comparison and scale comparison) provide much more insight:

Comparison Of The Entire Universe (Extended Version, From Particles To Universes)

An extended cut of my "Comparison Of The Entire Universe (Updated 2011)" including the video of the smallest things in the universe and some new pictures in between.

The Detailed Universe: This will Blow Your Mind

From femtometers to hundreds of billions of light years.

209 Seconds That Will Make You Question Your Entire Existence

[Published on Dec 18, 2014] Every time you get upset about something small, just remember this.

The site Scale of the Universe has various interactive visualization tools to help grasp the scale and size of the observable universe (space). Observable or visible universe refers to the cosmological horizon, the part of the universe that we can see because photons of light "from it" are reaching our eyes, given the speed of light and the apparent age of the universe in the Big Bang cosmological model, the "standard model" of cosmology in the objective reality metaparadigm — which is essentially "one free hypothesis" of "give us one free miracle":

Terence McKenna pokes fun at the "Big Bang" theory

Terence Mckenna has some fun with the big bang theory, discusses the idea of singularities and the historical process. Excerpt from the talk "Millinarianism and Utopianism" featuring Terence Mckenna, Rupert Sheldrake and Ralph Abraham: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1LC0Lr_vK_U

Expanding thinking beyond spacetime

Just as the directions of the first three dimensions can be thought of as forward/backward (length), left/right (width), and up/down (height), the directions of the 4th dimension (spacetime) can be thought of as time/antitime. We appear to experience a 4th-dimensional and thus 4th-dimensionally-causal reality, with momentum/push from time ("past") and no attraction/pull from antitime ("future"). But this is only an assumption.

I think we have taken far too much responsibility for what is happening; and that, what we took to be a staircase we were climbing is actually an up escalator. And if you would stop climbing you will notice, that it does not impede your upward progress, because the ground you're standing on is moving you toward the goal. And I think that, uh, this idea, which may be the proof that I'm bonkers, requires a fairly radical reorganization of consciousness, because what I'm saying is, the universe was not born in a firy explosion, from which it is being blasted outward ever since. The universe is not being pushed like that, from behind. The universe is being pulled from the future, toward a goal, that is as inevitable as a marble reaching the bottom of a bowl, when you release it up near the rim. You know, if you do that, the marble will roll down the side of the bowl, down, down, down, and eventually it will come to rest in the lowest energy state, which is the bottom of the bowl. That's precisely my model of human history.

Now, bear in mind what the competition is peddling. The competition is peddling the idea that the universe sprang from nothing, in a single moment, for no reason. Now whatever you think about that, notice that it's the limit case for credulity. I mean if you can believe that, it's hard for me to imagine what you would balk at. If we were to sit down and say let's see who can think of the most unlikely thing that could possibly happen, I submit to you, nobody could top the Big Bang. It is the improbability of improbabilities; it is the mother of all improbabilities, right there. So I'm suggesting something different. I'm suggesting that the universe is pulled, toward a complex attractor, that exists ahead of us in time; and that our ever-accelerating "speed" through the phenomenal world of connectivity and novelty, is based on the fact that we are now very very close to the attractor.

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When you look at only one line of technological development — automobiles or computers — it looks like you can rationally anticipate what's gonna happen, but when you realize that there are thousands of these lines of development, all transforming themselves, all moving toward some kind of omega point, then you realize that we're in the grip of what I call a concrescence; and I maintain that you don't have to believe me on this, you can see it from here; you just have to climb a high hill. There's one, it's called psilocybin; there's one, it's called ayahuasca. The views from the top of these hills is of the concrescence; it lies now closer to us than the Johnson administration for god's sake, in time. And, you know, I have an elaborate mathematical theory to back this up — which you should gratefully learn you are not going to be flayed with this afternoon — but I think it's going to become more and more important for people to delinearize their view of time. Decondition yourself from the lie of history.

Terence McKenna (The World And Its Double, 1994)

Terence McKenna saw 2012 as the concrescence, and indeed it matches approximately the reaching of the balance point in the polarity experienced on Earth. Bashar, from a higher-dimensional point of view, explains the meaning of 2012:

The Span of 2010-2015 is specifically energetically designed to fine-tune your engine, to allow you to pass through the conduit, to allow you to tip the scale, to allow you to ride the wave of the collective positive energy that will begin to seed your world, to infuse your world after your threshold crossing in the middle of 2012.

Bashar

Bashar - Rubber band analogy

Bashar talks about why Earth is so dark and why we chose to have such limited perception at this time and how this will help us later.

Beyond 4D spacetime into 5D probability space

The 3D perspective of the Physical Mind and the size of the 3rd dimension, coupled with the ego's need for control over its environment, may induce a desire for reductionism, and thus an ego-based culture may have us believe that dimensions are "conceptually inaccessible" to the masses, being little more than a mathematical abstraction in the minds of theoretical physicists. Dimensional thinker Rob Bryanton phenomenally demonstrates that this isn't so:

Imagining the Fifth Dimension

The idea of the 5th dimension accounts for free will, in a mechanical/structural fashion, thus conceptually obsoleting the reductionist idea of determinism.

Bryanton has created a way of visualizing the string theory idea of 10 dimensions, the leading "beyond the Big Bang" cosmogonical mathematical model of the underlying structure of reality within the objective reality metaparadigm. He sums up the idea in the following video:

Imagining the Tenth Dimension - 2012 Version

A single dimension beyond the 3rd or 4th makes the above size and scale comparisons seem relatively trivial. By the 6th dimension, as Bryanton conceives of it, the idea of a universal/physical phase space — a closed system in which all possible states are represented — has accounted not only for free will, but all probabilities that could happen from the initial singularity (Big Bang) that created the parameters (physical constants) of our (or any other) universe, as believed to be the case in the objective reality metaparadigm.

Singularities

The idea of a singularity can mean many different things in different fields/realms of ideas, but a general definition is this:

singularity (n.)

  1. the state, fact, quality, or condition of being singular; a peculiarity or odd trait.
  2. (physics, mathematics) a point at which a function takes an infinite value, especially in space–time when matter is infinitely dense, such as at the centre of a black hole.
  3. a hypothetical moment in time when artificial intelligence and other technologies have become so advanced that humanity undergoes a dramatic and irreversible change.

Definition #2 refers also, more generally, to the spacetime singularity ("Big Bang"). Definition #3 refers to the transhumanist idea of the AI singularity, the "point of no return" when machine intelligence either outsmarts human intelligence or otherwise (if we manage to retain some degree of control of AI) merges itself into human biology to the degree that we become unrecognizable to our former selves.

Another kind of singularity — a temporal one — has been noted by keen observers such as Terence McKenna:

This is one way of thinking about it: that our planet is on a collision course with something which we actually at our present state of knowledge don't have a word for. A black hole is simply a gravitationally massive object so massive that no light can leave it. What I'm talking about is something like that, except that, uh, it isn't so much gravitationally massive as temporally massive. We are being sucked in to the body of eternity. And I think it's going to happen very soon. [...] Once you enter into history, what history is, is the outer shell of the gravitational field of the attractor of the concrescence.

In other words, history is the disturbance in nature, which preceedes the concrescence. It preceeds it by only 50,000 years — a geological microsecond before all life is melted down in the presence of the singularity.

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You can predict where an electron will be, without knowing what an electron is. In fact no one knows what an electron is, and we predict their occurence very easily. What we can't know about the singularity, or the concrescence, simply lies beyond rational apprehension; but the map of the phase space in which this concrescence is happening, looks very much like an involuting spiral, of some sort.

Terence McKenna, 1994

Stretching the definition a little bit further, another kind of singularity might be a personal life-changing epiphany of a unique kind:

Any life, no matter how long and complex it may be, is made up of a single moment — the moment in which a man finds out, once and for all, who he is.

Jorge Luis Borges, writer (1899-1986)

In the subjective reality metaparadigm, spacetime, or the universe, or perhaps more accurately the 6th-dimensional phase space, is enclosed in the singularity that is non-physical reality. Another singularity beyond that might be the first reflection that All That Is has of itself. Everything infinitely changes within that framework, as defined by the Laws of Creation.

According to Bashar, the AI singularity imagined by transhumanists (and perhaps other futurists) will actually be the interfacing with the human Higher Mind, at which moment all answers to all questions in mathematics, physics and metaphysics will be flowing through (just as they do through Bashar through his channel Darryl Anka).

One could perhaps describe the situation by saying that God is a mathematician of a very high order, and He used very advanced mathematics in constructing the universe. Our feeble attempts at mathematics enable us to understand a bit of the universe, and as we proceed to develop higher and higher mathematics we can hope to understand the universe better.

Paul Dirac, 1963

Even with the advent of computers (super-fast calculators), the best that mathematics has given us within the objective reality metaparadigm is string theory, whose predictions are untestable at accessible energy scales and therefore unprovable and therefore (largely) a dead end.

The universe is only complicated when building epistemological models on top of flawed initial ontological assumptions. With the subjective reality metaparadigm — the initial assumption that reality exists subjectively rather than objectively — all the complexity of the models created from within the objective reality metaparadigm seems to dissolve, and the Universe becomes understood as "ensouled" — i.e. contained within one's soul and co-created with other souls from a realm beyond the physical and quasi-physical "template" realms between them (4th and 5th densities) that we often visit in our dream state and may occasionally visit by unintentionally or intentionally inducing various other types of altered states of consciousness.

Quotes

You have to take seriously the notion that understanding the universe is your responsibility, because the only understanding of the universe that will be useful to you is your own understanding.

Terence McKenna

You are an aperture through which the universe is looking at and exploring itself.

Alan Watts

The universe is a dynamic, structured field of Being observing itself, and in observing itself creating a representation of itself as a material world.

Peter Russell

It is not so much that you are in the cosmos, as that the whole cosmos is in you.

Meher Baba

Know that this Universe is nothing but a dream, a bluff of nature to test your consciousness of immortality.

Paramahansa Yogananda

What you are is vibrating consciousness, vibrating energy, you are a resonance, a frequency, a pitch of energy. That is your unique signature vibration and whatever you define that to be, will be the experience that you allow yourself to have, as a reflection back to you. Physical reality doesn’t exist outside of you, it exists inside of you. Physical reality is just an illusion, just a reflection.

Bashar